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国务卿夫人全国人大和政协的代表们蜂拥而至,讨论氢燃料,但这并不是不合理的。

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    下载APP 阅读本文更深度报道  商用车是重要运用领域  2018年,国内车市遭遇了28年来的最冷寒冬,而新能源的逆势增长成了最大的亮点。氢燃料汽车在2019年愈发热了起来。  《汽车商业评论》认为原因有两条:一方面这是新能源汽车的一条重要技术路线,特别是对于商用车。  《“十三五”国家战略性新兴产业发展规划》《汽车产业中长期发展规划》《“十三五”交通领域科技创新专项规划》等规划中都将以氢燃料电池汽车为代表的燃料电池汽车作为未来的重点发展领域。  另外一个重要方面是,根据目前的新能源汽车补贴政策,直到2020年,燃料电池的补贴都将不退坡,而且看起来还要延长。  于是,国内各大知名汽车企业纷纷布局,传统能源企业、汽车零部件企业、产业资本也相继在氢能及燃料电池产业加大投入。  2018年,全国燃料电池车销售量1527辆,占新能源汽车总量的千分之一。截至2018年底,我国燃料电池汽车累计销售近3500辆,超过日、韩、欧和我国“十城千辆”中期(2010年)纯电动汽车的累计推广量,相应投资并购规模超过1000亿元。  目前,国内已形成京津冀、长三角、珠三角、华中、西北、西南、东北等七大氢能产业集群。氢燃料电池汽车已在上海、郑州、张家口、佛山、云浮、十堰等多地实现商业化运营。  但还是有越来越多的舆论抱怨,我国目前在氢能生产、储存、运输方面目前还缺少统一规划与布局,没有完善的检测与检验机构与之配套,氢燃料产业发展进程依然相对缓慢,更为系统、更细化地去落实和推进氢能产业的发展已经成为当务之急。  因此,在今年的两会上,提交氢能相关议案和提案,以及关注氢能的全国人大代表和政协委员的队伍显著壮大。  纵观两会代表和委员的发言和建议,宏观上,他们要求政府将氢能纳入国家能源体系、明确氢能产业的行业主管部门并加强行业管理,制定鼓励支持氢能源产业发展和应用的标准、政策与管理办法。  微观上,他们希望完善制氢、运氢和储氢、加氢站、燃料电池等全产业链各个环节建设,重点突破膜电极、空压机和储氢罐等技术瓶颈,拥有自有核心技术,开展市场化示范运行,促进新能源汽车产业协同,最终形成具有国际竞争优势的战略布局。  更为难能可贵的是,对于氢燃料电池汽车,来自车企的代表委员大多认可主要应用在商用车领域。  以下是《汽车商业评论》归纳整理的相关代表委员的声音  全国政协委员、中国氢能联盟理事长、国家能源集团总经理凌文  凌文表示,氢能毫无疑问在世界各国得到认可,它是未来清洁能源的重要方向之一,在这方面中国很有信心,虽然起步较晚,但是我国有很好的优势。氢能制取现在主要有三种模式,第一是煤制氢,我国煤炭资源相对丰富;第二是可再生能源制氢,以弃风、弃光、弃水来制氢,简易可行;第三是大量的工业制氢,像化工、焦炉等,我国是产能大国,都可以制氢。  全国政协委员、中国工程院院士、中国石化(600028)副总经理马永生  马永生表示,中国石化已经在布局氢能产业,对氢燃料电池也做了相关的研究。中国石化的重点投向是交通网络加氢站的建设。中国石化是国内拥有加油站数量最多的企业,有着遍布全国的交通网络。因此,中国石化布局加强站具有着天然的优势。  全国政协委员、全国工商联副主席、正泰集团董事长南存辉  南存辉表示,氢能的全面产业化对优化能源结构、保障国家能源安全有着重大的战略意义。他建议:确立我国氢能源产业的发展定位、方向和战略路径,制定鼓励支持氢能源产业发展和应用的标准、政策与管理办法;健全加氢站的建设标准、规范及审批管理制度,明确加氢站建设归口管理部门和补贴政策;在京津冀、长三角、珠三角等地区,开展燃料电池汽车应用推广,对运营达标的城市实行奖补等政策;引导企业、科研院所等加大技术攻关投入力度,重点突破膜电极、空压机和储氢罐等技术瓶颈,大幅降低产业链成本;分级确定补贴额度,推行低档退坡、高档奖励方法,确保先进产品补贴总体稳定。  全国政协委员、中国一汽集团总经理奚国华  奚国华表示,一汽是全国首家把50千瓦的新能源发动机用在乘用车(红旗H5)上的企业。今年一汽只会小批量的生产一部分氢能乘用车,然后进行试运营。在商用车方面,一汽的态度将会更加积极,由于商用车氢燃料电池体积可以大一些,所以相对来说技术要求会低一点,实行产业化的步伐将更快。  全国政协委员、北汽集团董事长徐和谊  徐和谊在“加快新能源物流汽车推广应用”的提案中,建议加快充电及加氢基础设施建设。加快规划和布局针对中大型商用车的快充电场站和充电设施,服务于新能源物流车为主的各个车型,在用地和电力增容方面给予优惠政策;加快加氢站的统一规划,制定加氢站建设支持政策,推动加氢站的建设,以利于氢燃料车的推广。北汽正全力以赴,在商用车领域加大氢能产品开发。  全国政协常委、中国科学院院士欧阳明高  欧阳明高强调,燃料电池比动力电池的发展大概晚十年,氢能又比燃料电池的发展要晚,所以当前的最重要的事情是氢能技术、产业和政策的全方位的发展。从技术角度看,车用燃料电池技术再过五年左右应该逐步就走向成熟了。新一代的制氢技术在科学层面已经有突破,但是怎么实现产业化应用更为重要。因此,氢燃料电池汽车现在最大的难点就是氢能技术里面的车载储氢。车载储氢技术还没有达到理想状态,成本还偏高,需要依靠技术创新来解决。  全国政协委员、中核集团科技质量与信息化部主任钱天林  在“关于支持核能制氢与绿色冶金列入国家科技重大专项的建议”中,钱天林表示,核能制氢具有不产生温室气体、以水为原料、高效率、大规模等优点,是未来氢气大规模供应的重要解决方案。我国已建成并运行10兆瓦高温气冷实验堆,20万千瓦高温气冷堆商业示范电站预计将于2020年建成投产,在高温气冷堆技术领域已居世界领先地位。当前发达国家已经在氢能生产与应用领域加快布局,建议我国需要积极配套政策,加大力度在核能制氢及氢能冶金领域进行战略性布局,以赢得未来氢能时代国际竞争的战略制高点。  全国人大代表、上汽集团(600104)董事长陈虹  陈虹建议加大燃料电池产业链的研发支持力度,设立国家专项支持资金,或制定财税优惠政策,鼓励企业加大投入,重点攻克基础材料和关键部件的技术难关和产业化瓶颈,自主掌控核心技术和知识产权。同时他建议,2019年后在燃料电池汽车购置方面,允许地方补贴继续保持一定比例的配套支持。此外,建议对加氢站建设和加氢费用予以补贴支持,鼓励社会资本参与加氢站建设,鼓励运营企业购置燃料电池汽车投入运营。  全国人大代表、广汽集团(601238)党委书记、董事长曾庆洪  曾庆洪表示,我国氢燃料电池汽车起步不晚,但对氢能产业存在争议,发展落后于日、韩、欧美等国家。目前,我国燃料电池产业已形成一定规模,但产业链短板依然突出。他建议落实加氢站规划,加速制氢产业发展,通过多种形式补贴,由点到面逐步加快加氢站布局与网络建设;加大燃料电池乘用车研发与推广支持力度,扩大量产加强行业积极性;进一步加大技术研发投入,聚焦核心技术、关键部件,以及系统集成、整车设计,实现全产业链均衡发展;建立健全燃料电池领域标准流程体系建设,对严重滞后于产业发展的标准进行重新审视/修订;开展市场化示范运行,促进新能源汽车产业协同。  全国人大代表、长城汽车(601633)副董事长、总裁王凤英  王凤英建议,改变加氢站补贴形式,加大补贴力度,避免加氢站“建而不用”;制定相关政策,聚焦车用氢燃料电池关键核心技术,以及制氢、储氢、加氢等核心技术的研发;细化氢能源技术标准并出台相关政策,明确加氢站建设及运营监管的相关制度,对加氢站进行管理;加强顶层设计,统一规划全国加氢基础设施,降低审批难度;整合优质资源,鼓励多方合作,统一规划我国氢燃料电池汽车基础设施建设,形成具有国际竞争优势的战略布局。  全国人大代表、奇瑞汽车董事长 尹同跃  尹同跃建议,希望国家能统筹规划,将氢能升级为国家发展战略层面,做好顶层设计,将其列为未来的支柱产业、民生工程,制定必要的约束杠杆和更加详细的标准及法规,促进氢能产业健康发展。同时,他还希望能够参照电动车政策,增加氢能技术研发补贴。参照纯电动车推广政策,增加氢能技术研发的补贴,并通过示范应用、市场推广的政策来推动。  全国人大代表、中通客车(000957)董事长李树朋  李树朋建议,加快推动基础设施建设,政府出台加快加氢站基础设施建设的相关扶持政策,在土地规划、项目审批等方面给予政策支持;调整产业政策推动示范运营,建议保留对燃料电池汽车的购置税减免及购置补贴,提高运营企业推广运营氢燃料电池汽车的积极性,助推氢燃料电池汽车加速产业化;建立完善技术协同创新体系。由政府指定主管部门,整合科研机构、高校院所、整车企业、零部件产业、汽车运营企业等多方资源,提升自主创新能力,协同推进氢燃料电池汽车产业健康发展。  全国人大代表、潍柴集团董事长谭旭光  谭旭光认为,氢能管理是当前的大问题,政府职能部门要主动作为,建议国家能源局要把氢能作为能源来管理,要从危化品中分离出来;制定加氢站的安全实施标准;氢能一定是我国未来十年乃至二十年能源战略结构调整的重要资源之一,作为可替代能源,氢能至少可以降低10%的石化能源消耗。不是所有地区都可以实现氢能产业的发展,盲目发展就是胡来。国家要选择示范区,积极有效推动这一科学技术的进步,对终端示范要给予政策引导和资金补贴。  全国政协委员,中国东方电气集团有限公司董事长、党组书记邹磊  继去年提出“加快氢能与燃料电池产业发展”的提案引发业内共鸣后,今年邹磊再度携氢能提案上会。在“关于加快推进氢能及燃料电池产业发展的建议” 提案中,他建议将氢能纳入国家能源体系,制定国家氢能及燃料电池产业发展战略及实施路线图。以此加快推动氢能及燃料电池产业的健康、快速发展。  全国人大代表、东风汽车(600006)集团有限公司副总工程师、技术中心主任谈民强  谈民强表示要迈入世界汽车强国行列、抢占新能源汽车领域制高点,实现产业长远发展,必须依靠自主创新,在新能源和燃料电池领域拥有自有核心技术,让创新走得更踏实、更坚定。此次上会他提交了“支持发展燃料电池汽车技术和产业”议案,内容包括燃料电池汽车技术和产业发展的“路线图”与实施模式、氢能源发展的安全与解决方案相关建议。本文首发于微信公众号:汽车商业评论。文章内容属作者个人观点,不代表网立场。投资者据此操作,风险请自担。

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zuo le xiang guan de yan jiu. zhong guo shi hua de zhong dian tou xiang shi jiao tong wang luo jia qing zhan de jian she. zhong guo shi hua shi guo nei yong you jia you zhan shu liang zui duo de qi ye, you zhe bian bu quan guo de jiao tong wang luo. yin ci, zhong guo shi hua bu ju jia qiang zhan ju you zhe tian ran de you shi.   quan guo zheng xie wei yuan quan guo gong shang lian fu zhu xi zheng tai ji tuan dong shi zhang nan cun hui   nan cun hui biao shi, qing neng de quan mian chan ye hua dui you hua neng yuan jie gou bao zhang guo jia neng yuan an quan you zhuo zhong da de zhan lue yi yi. ta jian yi: que li wo guo qing neng yuan chan ye de fa zhan ding wei fang xiang he zhan lue lu jing, zhi ding gu li zhi chi qing neng yuan chan ye fa zhan he ying yong de biao zhun zheng ce yu guan li ban fa jian quan jia qing zhan de jian she biao zhun gui fan ji shen pi guan li zhi du, ming que jia qing zhan jian she gui kou guan li bu men he bu tie zheng ce zai jing jin ji zhang san jiao zhu san jiao deng di qu, kai zhan ran liao dian chi qi che ying yong tui guang, dui yun ying da biao di cheng shi shi xing jiang bu deng zheng ce yin dao qi ye ke yan yuan suo deng jia da ji shu gong guan tou ru li du, zhong dian tu po mo dian ji kong ya ji he chu qing guan deng ji shu ping jing, da fu jiang di chan ye lian cheng ben fen ji que ding bu tie e du, tui xing di dang tui po gao dang jiang li fang fa, que bao xian jin chan pin bu tie zong ti wen ding.   quan guo zheng xie wei yuan zhong guo yi qi ji tuan zong jing li xi guo hua   xi guo hua biao shi, yi qi shi quan guo shou jia ba 50 qian wa de xin neng yuan fa dong ji yong zai cheng yong che hong qi H5 shang de qi ye. jin nian yi qi zhi hui xiao pi liang de sheng chan yi bu fen qing neng cheng yong che, ran hou jin xing shi yun ying. zai shang yong che fang mian, yi qi de tai du jiang hui geng jia ji ji, you yu shang yong che qing ran liao dian chi ti ji ke yi da yi xie, suo yi xiang dui lai shuo ji shu yao qiu hui di yi dian, shi xing chan ye hua de bu fa jiang geng kuai.   quan guo zheng xie wei yuan bei qi ji tuan dong shi zhang xu he yi   xu he yi zai" jia kuai xin neng yuan wu liu qi che tui guang ying yong" de ti an zhong, jian yi jia kuai chong dian ji jia qing ji chu she shi jian she. jia kuai gui hua he bu ju zhen dui zhong da xing shang yong che de kuai chong dian chang zhan he chong dian she shi, fu wu yu xin neng yuan wu liu che wei zhu de ge ge che xing, zai yong di he dian li zeng rong fang mian ji yu you hui zheng ce jia kuai jia qing zhan de tong yi gui hua, zhi ding jia qing zhan jian she zhi chi zheng ce, tui dong jia qing zhan de jian she, yi li yu qing ran liao che de tui guang. bei qi zheng quan li yi fu, zai shang yong che ling yu jia da qing neng chan pin kai fa.   quan guo zheng xie chang wei zhong guo ke xue yuan yuan shi ou yang ming gao   ou yang ming gao qiang diao, ran liao dian chi bi dong li dian chi de fa zhan da gai wan shi nian, qing neng you bi ran liao dian chi de fa zhan yao wan, suo yi dang qian de zui zhong yao de shi qing shi qing neng ji shu chan ye he zheng ce de quan fang wei de fa zhan. cong ji shu jiao du kan, che yong ran liao dian chi ji shu zai guo wu nian zuo you ying gai zhu bu jiu zou xiang cheng shu le. xin yi dai de zhi qing ji shu zai ke xue ceng mian yi jing you tu po, dan shi zen me shi xian chan ye hua ying yong geng wei zhong yao. yin ci, qing ran liao dian chi qi che xian zai zui da de nan dian jiu shi qing neng ji shu li mian di che zai chu qing. che zai chu qing ji shu hai mei you da dao li xiang zhuang tai, cheng ben hai pian gao, xu yao yi kao ji shu chuang xin lai jie jue.   quan guo zheng xie wei yuan zhong he ji tuan ke ji zhi liang yu xin xi hua bu zhu ren qian tian lin   zai" guan yu zhi chi he neng zhi qing yu lv se ye jin lie ru guo jia ke ji zhong da zhuan xiang de jian yi" zhong, qian tian lin biao shi, he neng zhi qing ju you bu chan sheng wen shi qi ti yi shui wei yuan liao gao xiao lv da gui mo deng you dian, shi wei lai qing qi da gui mo gong ying de zhong yao jie jue fang an. wo guo yi jian cheng bing yun xing 10 zhao wa gao wen qi leng shi yan dui, 20 wan qian wa gao wen qi leng dui shang ye shi fan dian zhan yu ji jiang yu 2020 nian jian cheng tou chan, zai gao wen qi leng dui ji shu ling yu yi ju shi jie ling xian di wei. dang qian fa da guo jia yi jing zai qing neng sheng chan yu ying yong ling yu jia kuai bu ju, jian yi wo guo xu yao ji ji pei tao zheng ce, jia da li du zai he neng zhi qing ji qing neng ye jin ling yu jin xing zhan lue xing bu ju, yi ying de wei lai qing neng shi dai guo ji jing zheng de zhan lue zhi gao dian.   quan guo ren da dai biao shang qi ji tuan 600104 dong shi zhang chen hong   chen hong jian yi jia da ran liao dian chi chan ye lian de yan fa zhi chi li du, she li guo jia zhuan xiang zhi chi zi jin, huo zhi ding cai shui you hui zheng ce, gu li qi ye jia da tou ru, zhong dian gong ke ji chu cai liao he guan jian bu jian de ji shu nan guan he chan ye hua ping jing, zi zhu zhang kong he xin ji shu he zhi shi chan quan. tong shi ta jian yi, 2019 nian hou zai ran liao dian chi qi che gou zhi fang mian, yun xu di fang bu tie ji xu bao chi yi ding bi li de pei tao zhi chi. ci wai, jian yi dui jia qing zhan jian she he jia qing fei yong yu yi bu tie zhi chi, gu li she hui zi ben can yu jia qing zhan jian she, gu li yun ying qi ye gou zhi ran liao dian chi qi che tou ru yun ying.   quan guo ren da dai biao guang qi ji tuan 601238 dang wei shu ji dong shi zhang ceng qing hong   ceng qing hong biao shi, wo guo qing ran liao dian chi qi che qi bu bu wan, dan dui qing neng chan ye cun zai zheng yi, fa zhan luo hou yu ri han ou mei deng guo jia. mu qian, wo guo ran liao dian chi chan ye yi xing cheng yi ding gui mo, dan chan ye lian duan ban yi ran tu chu. ta jian yi luo shi jia qing zhan gui hua, jia su zhi qing chan ye fa zhan, tong guo duo zhong xing shi bu tie, you dian dao mian zhu bu jia kuai jia qing zhan bu ju yu wang luo jian she jia da ran liao dian chi cheng yong che yan fa yu tui guang zhi chi li du, kuo da liang chan jia qiang hang ye ji ji xing jin yi bu jia da ji shu yan fa tou ru, ju jiao he xin ji shu guan jian bu jian, yi ji xi tong ji cheng zheng che she ji, shi xian quan chan ye lian jun heng fa zhan jian li jian quan ran liao dian chi ling yu biao zhun liu cheng ti xi jian she, dui yan zhong zhi hou yu chan ye fa zhan de biao zhun jin xing chong xin shen shi xiu ding kai zhan shi chang hua shi fan yun xing, cu jin xin neng yuan qi che chan ye xie tong.   quan guo ren da dai biao chang cheng qi che 601633 fu dong shi zhang zong cai wang feng ying   wang feng ying jian yi, gai bian jia qing zhan bu tie xing shi, jia da bu tie li du, bi mian jia qing zhan" jian er bu yong" zhi ding xiang guan zheng ce, ju jiao che yong qing ran liao dian chi guan jian he xin ji shu, yi ji zhi qing chu qing jia qing deng he xin ji shu de yan fa xi hua qing neng yuan ji shu biao zhun bing chu tai xiang guan zheng ce, ming que jia qing zhan jian she ji yun ying jian guan de xiang guan zhi du, dui jia qing zhan jin xing guan li jia qiang ding ceng she ji, tong yi gui hua quan guo jia qing ji chu she shi, jiang di shen pi nan du zheng he you zhi zi yuan, gu li duo fang he zuo, tong yi gui hua wo guo qing ran liao dian chi qi che ji chu she shi jian she, xing cheng ju you guo ji jing zheng you shi de zhan lue bu ju.   quan guo ren da dai biao qi rui qi che dong shi zhang yin tong yue   yin tong yue jian yi, xi wang guo jia neng tong chou gui hua, jiang qing neng sheng ji wei guo jia fa zhan zhan lue ceng mian, zuo hao ding ceng she ji, jiang qi lie wei wei lai de zhi zhu chan ye min sheng gong cheng, zhi ding bi yao de yue shu gang gan he geng jia xiang xi de biao zhun ji fa gui, cu jin qing neng chan ye jian kang fa zhan. tong shi, ta hai xi wang neng gou can zhao dian dong che zheng ce, zeng jia qing neng ji shu yan fa bu tie. can zhao chun dian dong che tui guang zheng ce, zeng jia qing neng ji shu yan fa de bu tie, bing tong guo shi fan ying yong shi chang tui guang de zheng ce lai tui dong.   quan guo ren da dai biao zhong tong ke che 000957 dong shi zhang li shu peng   li shu peng jian yi, jia kuai tui dong ji chu she shi jian she, zheng fu chu tai jia kuai jia qing zhan ji chu she shi jian she de xiang guan fu chi zheng ce, zai tu di gui hua xiang mu shen pi deng fang mian ji yu zheng ce zhi chi tiao zheng chan ye zheng ce tui dong shi fan yun ying, jian yi bao liu dui ran liao dian chi qi che de gou zhi shui jian mian ji gou zhi bu tie, ti gao yun ying qi ye tui guang yun ying qing ran liao dian chi qi che de ji ji xing, zhu tui qing ran liao dian chi qi che jia su chan ye hua jian li wan shan ji shu xie tong chuang xin ti xi. you zheng fu zhi ding zhu guan bu men, zheng he ke yan ji gou gao xiao yuan suo zheng che qi ye ling bu jian chan ye qi che yun ying qi ye deng duo fang zi yuan, ti sheng zi zhu chuang xin neng li, xie tong tui jin qing ran liao dian chi qi che chan ye jian kang fa zhan.   quan guo ren da dai biao wei chai ji tuan dong shi zhang tan xu guang   tan xu guang ren wei, qing neng guan li shi dang qian de da wen ti, zheng fu zhi neng bu men yao zhu dong zuo wei, jian yi guo jia neng yuan ju yao ba qing neng zuo wei neng yuan lai guan li, yao cong wei hua pin zhong fen li chu lai zhi ding jia qing zhan de an quan shi shi biao zhun qing neng yi ding shi wo guo wei lai shi nian nai zhi er shi nian neng yuan zhan lue jie gou tiao zheng de zhong yao zi yuan zhi yi, zuo wei ke ti dai neng yuan, qing neng zhi shao ke yi jiang di 10 de shi hua neng yuan xiao hao. bu shi suo you di qu dou ke yi shi xian qing neng chan ye de fa zhan, mang mu fa zhan jiu shi hu lai. guo jia yao xuan ze shi fan qu, ji ji you xiao tui dong zhe yi ke xue ji shu de jin bu, dui zhong duan shi fan yao ji yu zheng ce yin dao he zi jin bu tie.   quan guo zheng xie wei yuan, zhong guo dong fang dian qi ji tuan you xian gong si dong shi zhang dang zu shu ji zou lei   ji qu nian ti chu" jia kuai qing neng yu ran liao dian chi chan ye fa zhan" de ti an yin fa ye nei gong ming hou, jin nian zou lei zai du xie qing neng ti an shang hui. zai" guan yu jia kuai tui jin qing neng ji ran liao dian chi chan ye fa zhan de jian yi" ti an zhong, ta jian yi jiang qing neng na ru guo jia neng yuan ti xi, zhi ding guo jia qing neng ji ran liao dian chi chan ye fa zhan zhan lue ji shi shi lu xian tu. yi ci jia kuai tui dong qing neng ji ran liao dian chi chan ye de jian kang kuai su fa zhan.   quan guo ren da dai biao dong feng qi che 600006 ji tuan you xian gong si fu zong gong cheng shi ji shu zhong xin zhu ren tan min qiang   tan min qiang biao shi yao mai ru shi jie qi che qiang guo hang lie qiang zhan xin neng yuan qi che ling yu zhi gao dian, shi xian chan ye chang yuan fa zhan, bi xu yi kao zi zhu chuang xin, zai xin neng yuan he ran liao dian chi ling yu yong you zi you he xin ji shu, rang chuang xin zou de geng ta shi geng jian ding. ci ci shang hui ta ti jiao le" zhi chi fa zhan ran liao dian chi qi che ji shu he chan ye" yi an, nei rong bao kuo ran liao dian chi qi che ji shu he chan ye fa zhan de" lu xian tu" yu shi shi mo shi qing neng yuan fa zhan de an quan yu jie jue fang an xiang guan jian yi. ben wen shou fa yu wei xin gong zhong hao: qi che shang ye ping lun. wen zhang nei rong shu zuo zhe ge ren guan dian, bu dai biao wang li chang. tou zi zhe ju ci cao zuo, feng xian qing zi dan.

    

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